Tuesday, July 01, 2008

BPN 1145 New internet domain names

He had told me that he was going to attend the meeting of ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) in Paris. The meeting lasted till last Thursday. Upon his return to Gent in belgium, I put two questions to my World Summit Award colleague and friend Rudi Vansnick (left on photograph, taken at the GP circuit in Bahrain in 2005). Rudi is president - CEO Internet Society Belgium and vice-chair ISOC-ECC.

JB: From some news items I understood that the domain question was high on the list of the ICANN meeting.
RV: Indeed, the following topics where listed on the priority list and have been discussed largely within the different constituencies during the ICANN meetings :- Internationalized Domain Names (IDN)- new gTLDs (generic Top-Level Domains)The launch of the IDN is a very important step in the expansion of the existing Internet. Use of Arabic, Cyrillic and other non-Latin scripts will make the Internet world accessible for non-Latin speaking people. People who do not speak English or other Latin-based languages will in the near future register and use domain names with characters that reflect their preferred language of communication. IDNs already exist at the second-level and work is underway to extend that to the top-level domains for both gTLDs (generic) and for ccTLDs (country code). Sample of an IDN url : http://نمونہ.آزمایشی/صفحہ_اول or and email : mailtest@مثال.إختبار . The impact of the IDN on the Internet will be quite important and will involve the global world.Introducing new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) is central to fostering choice and competition in domain registration services, and as such is significant to the promotion of ICANN’s core values. Since 2000, there have been several new gTLDs added to the DNS, including general purpose domains such as .info or .mobi and .aero. Each new gTLD must be proposed by an organisation, which will launch and administer it if approved. To be selected to operate a new gTLD the organisation must satisfy the requirements ICANN set out. Among other criteria, the organisation should have strong technical abilities, a sound business plan and a commitment to implement ICANN policies.

JB: I understood that ICANN talked about other domain extensions. But how does this question relates to the IPv6.
RV: Ipv6 is designated to be the successor for Ipv4 that boasts the ability to support billions times more than IPv4. It is a fact, within a few years all IPv4 addresses will be used. The implementation of new gTLDs, the usage of IDN will certainly affect the consumption of IPv4 addresses. Up till today many hardware vendors are not IPv6 compliant, work only in one or the other way but mostly not together (IPv4 & IPv6). Software vendors are progressing more quickly and as such will certainly force hardware vendors to speed up the convergence and technical functionalities of existing and new equipment. The impact of IPv6 on ISP's will be quite important, but also for registries and registrars it will imply they have enough knowledge. At-Large (in which I'm active - EURALO) has a working group focussing to enable At-Large to work with other ICANN stakeholders to ensure that all the necessary works be done. Questions as "Are developing countries with huge potential of growth and/or lots of population not being pushed into disadvantageous situation?", "Isn't there a fear of remaining precious IPv4 addresses to become way very expensive with speculation and/or un-authorized trading outside RIR policy framework?".

Blog Posting Number: 1145

Tags: domain

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