Friday, August 26, 2022
Catawiki organised an auction of vintage computer objects last week. This new section at Catawiki of vintage computer objects differs from the other offered computer objects of common portable computers and tablets. The vintage objects on offer come from the eighties and nineties. They are so far old calculators, but also Apple machines like MacIntosh and Indigo as well as Commodore machines (with or without packaging). But at this auction it was possible to bid on a unique machine. And that was done by 10 bidders with a hefty price for the winner of the auction. It is not about millions as with the first Apple machines, but for a Dutch PC, 3,100 euros, excluding auction and shipping costs, is a considerable amount. This while the machine is no longer functioning due to a problem with the motherboard.operational.
But it is a Holborn (Born in Holland), made in a company that from 1979, exclusively manufactured PCs. The hardware of the machine was designed by Hans Polak together with Henny Bevers and the design of the futuristic terminal was made by Vos Industrial Designers. Inside, the terminal was a modified MicroBee monitor and used a Z80 processor. The Holborn used the operating system CP/M.
The company Holborn started with its headquarters in Holten in 1978. The first manufacturing facility was in Hengelo and later in Enschede. The company operated only briefly, from 1979 to 1983, when it went bankrupt. The company developed two production lines: the growth computer the multi 9100, an expandable, customised business system with a self-developed operating system Holborn Operating System (HOS); later the 7100 version was released, which could be expanded to the 9100. But Holborn is better known for the stand-alone Holborn 6110 under CP/M and the prototype 6500 both with the science-fiction-like monitor. There were probably only 100 devices of the 6110 produced and sold, mostly to small companies for administrative purposes. The styled and ergonomic machine was initially priced at 30,000 guilders (approx. 14,000 euros). In the Netherlands, the company had to compete against larger home-grown machines such as Elektrologica and Philips, but also against cheaper office machines such as Wang. And the real competition came in 1981 with the introduction of the PC by IBM and later clones.
The auction item is a Holborn 6110. The offered system consists of a keyboard monitor console and an external box with two floppy disk drives. The system was originally purchased in the early 1980s for about 20,000 guilders as a medium-sized business computer.
This computer stopped working in 1996. Recently, the computer has been turned on, the disk drives turn on and the fan on the computer turns on. The screen does not turn on and it seems, that it failed to repair a part on the motherboard.
Saturday, August 06, 2022
The Internet and the Dutch web have been important media for the emancipation of gay and lesbian people and/or transgender people in the Netherlands. The KB has therefore built up a special web collection of lhbt+ websites between 2018 and 2022. The abbreviation "lhbt+" stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and the sign "+" for all other possible sexual and gender identities of people who are also considered part of the lhbt+ community or who consider themselves part of it.
The special lhbt+ web collection includes websites from the Dutch web domain that can be a source of the lhbt+ community and culture or a reflection on them in Dutch society. These sites may not only reflect lhbt+ culture or heritage, but may also be the online harbingers of trends and developments in society and as such are worth preserving for future research. In addition, a site can also be a historical source of the difficult position this group of people was and is in, and of the discrimination and exclusion this community still faces today. With this special web collection of websites with the lhbt+ theme, the KB aims to preserve digital information from the past about this population group and their culture for research in the present and the future. This way, the digital history of lhbt+ is kept alive and the preservation of this heritage and social acceptance of this group is promoted. We also show that the lhbt+-past is an important and underexposed part of Dutch history.
First online .nl novel had a lhbt+ theme
The first Dutch novel on the Dutch web appeared online in 1994 and was written by Marcel Bullinga. This was also a novel with an lhbt+ theme. The first Dutch language internet novel 'Roes der Zinnen' was published by the author at his own expense and risk. ... Thanks to web archaeologist and digital historian Jak Boumans from Almere, it was possible to acquire a physical copy of this novel for the KB collection. The floppy disk was still present in his personal collection.
https://zenodo.org/record/6624358 + powerpoint presentation
Read more about the Roes der Zinnen and the 'excavation' in the blog First .nl novel 'excavated'